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Why do people make such a big deal about makeup?
By this I don’t mean caked on foundation, loads of eyeshadow and huge fake lashes everyday. I mean simple, clean makeup; maybe even a few swipes of mascara, some blush and lipgloss! So what? What if she feels more confident with it on? What if it expresses who she is? Makeup is not all superficial, it’s art. It’s expression.
Whenever someone says ‘girls shouldn’t wear makeup, it’s fake’ I think, ‘Yeah? Then why do people wear skinny jeans to make their legs look skinnier or heels to make themselves taller?’ It’s all about the confidence that comes along with it. That boost of confidence can change everything; how a person carries themself, their mood, their happiness.. When someone feels beautiful on the outside, all their inner beauty comes pouring out. Inner beauty is what matters the most, what’s in the heart. What makes a person truly beautiful are morals, character, compassion, selflessness and love. That is inner beauty. And if inner beauty can be brought out through outer beauty, then why the heck not?
And that is why I am and always will be 100% FOR makeup.
With all that said, Let’s talk about Skin Types & Foundations
NORMAL SKIN is the least problematic of all the skin types. Normal skin should feel smooth and elastic. This skin type will be evenly toned with a healthy complexion and very small pores. Normal skin is evenly balanced with oil and water and rarely may have a spot breakout. After washing Normal skin still feels smooth and supple.
OILY SKIN has over reactive sebaceous (oil-producing) glands and is prone to oiliness/shine on the forehead, nose and chin areas (T-Zone). There are usually also enlarged visible pores which makes Oily skin prone to blackheads and acne. Oily skin will also feel tight and dry after cleansing but oily by the end of the day.
DRY SKIN is lacking in both sebum and moisture and will feel flaky, dry, and tight. It has very tiny pores and can very tight after washing. Breakouts are rare to non-existent. This type of skin chaps easily and can lead to more pronounced lines and wrinkles.
COMBINATION SKIN is just what it says – a combination of Oily and Dry skin types. It is the most common skin type for women and requires separate treatment for each area. It is oily in the T-Zone area and dry on the cheeks. There will be enlarged pores as with Oily skin and occasional breakouts in oily areas.
SENSITIVE SKIN usually becomes inflamed and irritated easily. It may be both oily and dry and is easily disturbed by skin care products and cosmetics. Sensitive can be blotchy, flushed or have reddened look and might even itch. This is the most problematic and fragile type of skin and is prone to breakouts.
After you have determined the characteristics of your skin then you can begin with a skin care regimen that suits your skin type and then you can move on to Makeup/Cosmetics/Products that match and work well with the type of skin you have. I am an advocate for healthy skin and I do not believe that you should use cosmetics to cover up issues with your skin. Skincare is priority #1!
It’s easier to prevent issues/problems than it is to correct them. With that being said, Below are some skin care tips that can be used to help prevent issues from occurring. Please Note: I am not a Dermatologist and I can not diagnose or recommend medications on preexisting facial related issues. Please see your Doctor or Dermatologist.
- Hydration! Drinks lots of water – 8-10 glasses a day (if you can). This will help with the natural moisture in your skin as well as flush toxins from your body (and inherently your skin).
- Sun Protection! One of the main causes of premature aging in sun damage. So make sure you take steps to protect your skin from sun exposure. Wear hats, sunglasses, protective clothing and SUNSCREEN (UVA and UVB protection).
- Get some Zzzz! Beauty sleep is not a myth, it’s actually essential. Healthy bodies require rest and sleep and guess what a healthy body leads to…yes!…healthy skin.
- Healthy Diet! You don’t have to become a vegetarian and go on an all organic frenzy. Fat and grease are obviously not the best for your body or skin. Vitamins and minerals are crucial so remember to eat your fruits and vegetables. Simple healthy eating habits won’t just help your body but also your skin.
- Moisturize! No matter what your skin type you MUST moisturize.
Its important to cleanse our skin to remove dirt, bacteria, pollution, makeup and just the daily grime that can build up. A great cleansing should be done in the morning and at night. Cleansing products will depend on your skin type but no matter what try to avoid products with alcohol. This means paying attention to the the ingredients because Alcohol, strips the moisture from your skin which can lead to irritation or excessive oiliness (your skin is forced to over-compensate and produce more oil).
- For Normal skin it’s best to use a gentle foaming facial wash that will not strip the natural moisture away.
- For Dry skin use a thick creamy cleanser to melt away dirt but still retain moisture.
- For Oily skin you should start with a gentle foaming facial wash. This will remove dirt and oil without stripping away moisture.
- For Combination skin use a gentle foaming facial wash in the mornings to cleanse your skin. This will address the oily areas and help to prevent blackheads. In the evening use a cream cleanser to soothe your dry areas. This will keep a balance between excess dryness and excess oiliness.
- For Sensitive skin avoid using facial washes or soap. Instead use a light, hypoallergenic cleansing lotion.
TIP: Use lukewarm water for washing your face instead of hot or cold water. Hot water can cause irritate and dry essential oils from skin. Cold water can tighten pores and lock dirt in.
Back in the day toners took the form of harsh astringents which I DO NOT recommend no matter what. Astringents contain high volumes of alcohol that can dry and irritate skin even more. Even if you have oily skin avoid products with alcohol. They will cause your skin to over-produce oil to compensate for the oils that were stripped away by a harsh astringent – you will be even oilier than before.
New age toners are gentler and can be used in addition to cleansing for an extra boost of clean. Toners will help to tighten up pores and remove excess residue from skin. Although it’s a nice addition, this step can be skipped for the most part. I use a toner maybe once or twice a week.
I group these together because they do pretty much the same thing – deep cleansing for the skin. I recommend this twice a week for normal, combo or oily skin to remove buildup from makeup or life. For non-makeup wearers and dry, sensitive skin I say it’s best once a week. There are various options of the market for exfoliation or facial masks. You can use a face brush or facial scrub (ensure that they are gentle – bristles or beads). A facial scrub should have tiny smooth particles rather than sharp, harsh pieces. If you can feel the particles cutting at your skin this may not be the best choice of scrub
No matter your skin type, we all need to moisturize! Use a moisturizer both during the day and at night. You can use a richer, more intensive moisturizer at night to help your skin rejuvenate and use a lightweight balancing moisturizer during the day.
- Normal skin is naturally moisturized but be sure to use a lightweight moisturizer to maintain balance.
- Dry skin needs more intense moisture so use a thick creamy moisturizer and let it soak into the skin. Serums and thick gel moisturizers work well too. Dry skin can lead to flaking and sensitive spots so make sure to treat you skin well.
- Oily skin will feel dry and tight after cleansing so use a lightweight oil-free moisturizer to keep your skin balanced. If your skin is unbalanced it tends to over-compensate by producing more oil and therefore worsen your problem.
- Combination skin should also use a lightweight oil-free moisturizer all over the face. Use a thicker cream for dry bothersome spots.
- Sensitive skin should avoid anything scented or harsh. Also be careful when choosing products. Avoid products with your specific skin irritants (such as silicone).
What you need to know about FOUNDATION
What is Foundation?
In cosmetics, foundation is simply a skin-colored product that is applied to the face to even out complexion and cover imperfections.
How do you choose the right foundation?
There are a few basic things to consider when choosing your foundation and those are:
- Foundation Type
- Skin Type
- Foundation Finish
- Color and Undertone (to be discussed in a separate post)
One of the first things to consider when choosing foundation is the coverage you desire. This means how much of your skin you wish to cover and conceal. This will determine how opaque your foundation will need to be. Be sure not to confuse coverage with the thickness/heaviness of the foundation since coverage is determined by the pigmentation of the foundation. The coverage will be stated in the description of the foundation. The terms often used to describe coverage are outlined below:
- Sheer will give the least coverage because it is the least pigmented. It can be used to cover slight unevenness in the skin tone but will not cover imperfections an dark marks. Sheer foundation can always be used with spot concealing to cover more visible areas.
- Light is higher in pigmentation and will cover unevenness and also slight imperfections.
- Medium coverage is the most used and more widely available across makeup brands. It can cover freckles, discolorations, unevenness and even light scars.
- Full coverage is the most opaque with rich pigment. I covers hyper-pigmentation, discoloration, freckles, scars, dark spots and marks.
There are a few basic types of foundations – liquid, cream, powder and mineral. Foundations are also now being formulated by skin type and will usually indicate the intended skin type in the description. But here are some basic things to consider when choosing the type of foundation best suited for your skin type.
- Liquid Foundation is the most versatile and can be used by all skin types based on the formulation. Liquid foundation may be oil or emollient-based or water-based.
- Cream Foundation is a thicker consistency and can also be oil or emollient-based or water-based.
- Powder Foundation (or Pressed Powder) is a just what it sounds like and may be used wet or dry or wet/dry depending on the formula.
- Mineral foundation is the newest on the market and is usually in a loose powder form. All makeup is somewhat mineral based so I take this as a marketing ploy to appeal to our ‘natural’ side.
Selecting the proper Foundation for your Skin Type
We have discussed skin type is a previous post. In addition to coverage needs your skin type will also need to be considered when choosing foundation.
- Normal Skin is the again the easiest to work with and so they can use almost any foundation on the market depending on specific needs.
- Dry Skin is best suited for liquid or cream foundations and oil-based formula. Powder and mineral foundations can accentuate dry areas and patches.
- Oily Skin should seek out oil-free, Matte liquid or cream foundations. Powder and mineral makeup is ideal for oily skin because they are dry and will not add a dewy finish to the skin.
- Combination Skin can use the foundations made for oily skin but can also get away with oil-based foundations if the skin is mostly dry.
- Sensitive Skin makes it difficult to find the perfect foundation. Ingredient lists are key for sensitive skin. Powders are most recommended based on the limited ingredients and preservatives that can be skin irritants. However, if you choose to use other types of foundation then seek out products with minimal ingredients since the less ingredients the less likely one will irritate your skin. It’s best to figure out your specific skin irritants so that you can learn to avoid them. For sure that can be quite a chore but the more natural the ingredients the better. Preservatives, fragrances, alcohol, etc. can irritate sensitive. Get ready to do some homework since all sensitive is different and the irritants will vary.
- Matte finishes produce a no-shine, almost dry result. Matte finishes are best suited for Oily/Combination Skin but can also look great on Normal skin.
- A Dewy finish leaves skin looking moistened and healthy. Some foundations may use light reflecting particles to produce a ‘glow’ to the skin. This is best suited to counteract the effects of Dry Skin .
- Satin/Natural finish is the most ‘natural’ result and is a happy medium between mate and dewy. Skin will look fresh and healthy without the appearance of makeup. This is suitable for all skin types based on your preference.
This is just a basic guide to assist you in understanding your overall skin type and to assist you in your selection of foundations. I hope this information was helpful and useful to someone out there.